Camelhair - The soft hair from the underside of the camel. Usually comes in a biscuity brown colour.
Cardigan - A knitted woollen jacket fastened with buttons or a zip. The cardigan was named after James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, a British military commander, following his service in the Crimean War (1797-1868).
Cashmere - Kash-mer - The soft downy undercoat of the cashmere goat. The word \"cashmere\" derives from an archaic spelling of Kashmir which borders India and Pakistan. The majority of today’s cashmere wool comes from China.
Centre Vent - This is the slit in the middle of a jacket designed to allow the jacket to sit easily when sitting astride a horse.
Chamois - Sham-wa - A soft leather made from the goat-like antelope inhabiting mountains in southern and central Europe. Used to make gloves.
Chesterfield - The Chesterfield coat is a long, tailored overcoat. It can be single- or double- breasted, and has been popular in a wide variety of fabrics, typically heavier weight tweeds, or charcoal and navy. It often has a velvet collar. It is named after the style of coat worn by the Earl of Chesterfield during the 18th century. It is often confused with a Crombie.
Cheviot Tweed - Che-vi-ot - A tweed made from the hardy breed of short-woolled sheep reared on the range of rolling hills straddling the England/Scotland border between Northumberland and the Scottish Borders called the Cheviot Hills. It has become a general title covering many kinds of rough tweed.
Chinos - In 1848, Sir Harry Lumsden, commanding officer of a British regiment in India had an idea to die his men's white uniform with a mixture of coffee, curry powder and mulberry juice to disguise the inevitable dirt. The indians called this new colour 'Khaki'. The name chino comes from the fact these trousers were originally made in China. 'Chino' is the Spanish term for Chinese.
Co-respondents - Usually a two tone brogue in black and white or brown and white. The story goes that an unusually patterned or coloured pair of men's shoes were left outside the hotel room in which adultery was taking place, ostensibly to be cleaned, but in fact as a signal that adultery was taking place within. The name is derived from legal parlance wherein the co-respondent is the third party or lover in the ensuing divorce case.
Cod Piece - from Middle English cod, 'scrotum'- is a covering flap or pouch that attaches to the front of the crotch of men's trousers and usually accentuates the genital area.
Cordovan leather - Fine leather from horses named after Cordoba, Spain.
Corduroy - Kor-do-roy - Corduroy is a ribbed cotton velvet which forms distinctive cord like shapes in the fabric . The word comes from “Corde du Roi” which is roughly translated, from the French, as the “cloth/cord of the king”. It is had to imagine a French king wearing anything as hard wearing and outdoorsy as corduroy, but it is said that his servants wore it while out hunting. It is believed to have been first produced in Manchester. Some Germans still call it ‘Manchester’. The width of the cord is commonly referred to as the size of the "wale". The lower the "wale" number, the thicker the width of the cord.
Cossack Hat - Kos-ak - A brimless hat of fur or similar material. This is the typical fur hat seen on Soviet soldiers.